What is ARFID? | Kati Morton
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What is ARFID? | Kati Morton

August 23, 2019


– Hey everybody. Today we’re gonna talk about ARFID. What is it and how can we overcome it? But are you new to my channel? Welcome! I put out videos on
Mondays and on Thursdays So make sure you’re subscribed, and ring that bell, turn
those notifications on, so you don’t miss out. But let’s jump into this topic. ARFID or Avoidant Restrictive
Food Intake Disorder used to be called
Selective Eating Disorder, but the DSM changed it. When the DSM-5 came out, they called it ARFID instead. And while many children can
go through a picky phase when it comes to what they want to eat, those with ARFID do not
consume enough calories to develop or grow at the
rate their expected to. It can also cause issues
for people at school or work because they will need more time to eat, and can be unable to
participate in situations that involve food. Now, let’s get into what
criteria needs to be met in order for someone to
be diagnosed with ARFID. Number one, an eating
or feeding disturbance, either a lack of interest
in food or avoidance of food based on the sensory
characteristics of it, like, it’s too soft or we
don’t like the texture of it. And this is shown in our inability to meet appropriate
nutritional or energy needs associated with one or
more of the following. The first, significant weight loss, or failure to achieve expected weight gain and growth as a child. Two, significant nutritional deficiency. Three, dependence on a feeding tube or oral nutritional supplements. So if we can’t meet our nutritional needs without having an NG tube put in, or drinking an Ensure or something, that could be part of our ARFID. And number four, we must
have a marked interference with our psycho-social functioning, meaning that we can’t go to work or school or focus on our daily life, and our relationships
can suffer as a result. Now the next criteria
is that the disturbance is not better explained
by lack of available food or by an associated,
culturally sanctioned practice, meaning like we’re fasting
for Ramadan, for example. And the next criteria is
that the eating disorder does not occur exclusively
during the course of anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa. And there is no evidence
of a disturbance in the way in which one’s body weight
or shape is experienced. Now, I wanna pause there, ’cause this part is super important. The difference between this
and other eating disorders is that with ARFID, we
do not see ourselves as much heavier than we are, or notice if we gain or lose weight. ARFID doesn’t have anything
to do with our appearance. And finally, the eating
disorder is not due to a concurrent medical condition or not better explained by
another mental disorder, like OCD or another eating
disorder, for example. When the eating disturbance
occurs in the context of another condition or disorder, the severity of the eating disturbance must exceed what is routinely associated with that condition or disorder, and it must warrant extra attention. Now while we all know
that eating disorders can have many co-occurring issues, meaning that we can have
more than one diagnosis happening at a time, they find high correlations
between those with ARFID and Autism Spectrum Disorder
and anxiety disorders. They also report that children who were very, very picky as children, are more likely to develop ARFID. And as always, everyone
is gonna be different. When it comes to mental health issues, there are so many factors to consider. So before we go jumpin’
to any conclusions, please see a mental health professional, preferably one that specializes
in eating disorders, and have them help you better understand what it is you’re struggling with. Since ARFID is diagnosed because someone isn’t
getting proper nutrition, there are many, many behavioral
and psychological signs and symptoms we can look
out for in ourselves or in someone we love. These symptoms could be things
like dramatic weight loss, always stating that we
feel sick to our stomach, or having digestive issues. We’ll wear multiple layers
of clothing to keep warm because we’re often underweight because we’re not meeting the
nutritional needs of our body. We’ll always eat certain textures of food and avoid others. We will not be afraid of
gaining or losing weight. We can have difficulty concentrating. Have bad breath, dry skin, brittle nails, show a lot of hair loss. I could go on and on,
but you get the idea. If we aren’t giving our body
the nutrients that it needs each and every day, our body will break down and it can be really, really uncomfortable not to mention extremely dangerous. So please, reach out for help if you are struggling with this. There is help available. But before deciding what
treatment you’d like to try, it’s important that you know what changes you want to see and what
your overall goals are. For example, you could
want to be more comfortable eating outside of your home, or wanting to expand what
foods you’re okay eating. Since ARFID doesn’t have the component of focus on weight loss or changing the way that our body looks, our eating disorder behaviors. This can ensure that you
get the right type of help when you need it. Here are some of the options
just to help get you started. The first is exposure therapy. Since most of what those
with ARFID struggle with is a fear of maybe
throwing up or getting sick or just worry about certain foods, kind of that anxiety portion of ARFID, slowly using visualizations
or even actual exposure over time can help to
combat the anxious thoughts. For more information
about exposure therapy, you can click the link
down in the decription for my video all about it. Number two is CBT or
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Because our belief that
eating and certain foods will make us sick, or just
that our overall anxiety about food makes it so difficult, if not impossible, for us to eat, working to figure out what
those falsely held believes are, and work to correct them, meaning that we can target
the thought processes that prevent us from
eating a well-rounded diet and work to change them to be
more inclusive of all foods. And the third option is DBT or Dialecticle Behavior Therapy. Since much of what holds us
back from eating all foods, is that we become so
overwhelmed by worry and upset that we feel completely unable to eat. DBT can help us manage
all that we’re feeling, using the mindfulness
techniques, emotion regulation, and distress tolerance skills. That way, we’re better able
to act out of our wise mind when trying to eat properly. And the fourth option,
is intensive outpatient or inpatient treatment, with groups, one on one therapies, supported meals, et cetera. Because if seeing a therapist
once or twice a week isn’t enough, there are other programs that offer more support
as well as group therapy. This can help us get more
hours of professional help and help push us through those really tough parts of recovery. Just remember that everyone
is going to be different. You may only struggle
with the anxiety component or possibly only the
fear of certain foods. Whatever it may be,
finding the right treatment and therapist to work with is key, because it can and will get better. This video has been brought to you by the kinyinz on Patreon. If you would like to support the creation of these mental health videos, click the link in the
description and check it out. But as always, what are
your thoughts on this? Do you struggle with ARFID? What treatment was best for you? Please share in those comments down below and we will keep working together towards a healthy mind and a healthy body. I will see you next time. Bye.

Only registered users can comment.

  1. keep in mind the BMI in america is wrong so you cant go by it and anybody who gives their child an ensure is a horrible parent because those dont make your child gain weight only kill them with chemicals they have fake sugars in them

    the BMI doesnt matter

  2. i was just always cold and being under weight is normal in my family and if you go by the 1960s BMI i am actually obese so that isnt fair to be using the BMI by todays standards and saying mental health issue

  3. I relate to this a lot in the sense that I really dislike food, am incredibly picky and can put off food for a long time because I'm just so uninterested in it, but also because the textures and sometimes even tastes can literally have me gagging, which I hate doing/especially around other people/IF THEY MADE THE Food AND You literally gag, omg its awful. But I'm also overweight because of the foods I DO eat/ its mostly carb-based? Like, I will usually eat pasta plain/or potatoes, which I don't mind, so I guess this diagnoses wouldn't apply to me. Still interesting to learn about though!

  4. My 10yo child has ARFID but she fits more under the Restrictive part. We’ve been going to therapy and meeting with a dietician for over 6 months due to her ED behaviors but she hasn’t had the body image issues. There’s no “bad” foods to her and she eats a wide variety of foods- she just severely limits her intake. Her psych just gave her the ARFID diagnosis. Thank you for better explaining it!

  5. THANK YOU FOR MAKING THIS VIDEO! ARFID is sooo unheard of. (I have it) A lot of people don't believe I have an eating disorder because I'm not extremely thin. They think I'm faking it so I don't like to mention it. I started to experience it when I was 6 months old. And ever since then I've only eaten a extremely small amount of foods. It wasn't until second grade when people actually noticed I wasn't eating peanut butter sandwiches. Kids would ask why I only brought crackers to eat. And even a teacher once asked me what I was eating and then told me that next time I should bring a sandwich. It was then when I realized I was different. Luckily my parents decided to homeschool me before all the bullying happened. I've been homeschooled ever since. I always thought that I was just extremely picky. But I knew there was more. It couldn't be just that. I thought I was the only person in the world going through this. Until I had just turned 12. My mom stumbled upon this ed called ARFID and it matched me almost perfectly. Which changed my life in amazing ways and terrible ways. The pros about knowing that I had ARFID were the fact that I wasn't alone. Other people struggled with this too. Also being able to explain myself for not going to a birthday party because they'd be eating foods I don't like. But the cons were the fact it can takes years to recover and some don't. It gave me a lot of anxiety knowing that I had an ed. You don't think this stuff will happen to you, ya know? And also I know absolutely NO ONE (in my personal life) that has an ed. The only people I can talk to are online and my parents don't like me talking to strangers on the internet. And everyone that I've told about it has kinda brushed it off in a bad way. A lot of them feel uncomfortable when I mention it and still wonder why I don't eat all the things they do. Some think of it as a "you got to get over it right now" kind of thing and tell me "if you don't pick an actual meal then you won't eat anything". I do have one friend though that truly understands me and I love her to death. A lot of my friends don't mean to be rude and sometimes don't even know that they're offending me and I can't blame them for that. They're good people it's just sometimes they don't think. It's been an absolute struggle especially because it's so unheard of. Thank you so much for informing people on what ARFID is. It's people like you that make the world a better place. -Peyton <3

  6. My therapist suggested very briefly that I might have ARFID instead of anorexia like I was diagnosed with years ago, because the only "body issues" I have are that if I gain weight, I will feel different in my body (trauma issues) like feeling my body touching itself, if that makes sense? It doesn't have anything to do with how I think I look (I either think I look average or too thin) or a number on the scale. To make it complicated, being able to "feel" my body in this way correlates with a higher weight/slightly bigger body, so I am averse to the idea of gaining weight for that reason.

    We didn't talk about it beyond that comment in the middle of everything else we were discussing, but now I'm very very curious!

  7. I just recently found out about ARFID through a documentary on BBC. I'm 36 and have always been picky about foods based on textures and things. I don't have an appetite most of the time. I'm really trying to get better understanding.
    I also have PCOS, which causes my body to be insulin resistant, and holds all sugars and am overweight, so ARFID never came to the mind of anyone as a problem because I'm not underweight.

  8. I came across this video when I remembered what had happened to me when I was eight. I began researching and wow…I know now I have the fear of vomiting and I had ARFID. It started for as long as I could remember. It first started off at like 4, the first time I remember vomiting. It was a horrible experience, and I remember drinking Sunny D and having Icecream from Carvel that day. From then on, I refused to drink Sunny D and eat ice cream from Carvel because of that. Then it came with pizza. I had eaten Pizza from an Italian Pizza Place. That night, I had thrown up. I didn’t want to eat any Italian Pizza, I could only eat from chain pizzerias. It began escalating on Thanksgiving, when I had eaten a whole lot, and the thing I ate most was cheesecake. That night I had thrown up. So I refused to eat cheesecake and was now scared of throwing up at night. Every night I would be terrified to go to sleep, scared to vomit. I didn’t allow my parents to sleep with me ( I was 8) because the night I felt sick I was with my mom. I would tremble and shake violently when my parents told me it was time for bed. I would pray for ten minutes praying that I wouldn’t get sick. It got worse when I began to stop eating. I remember the day I went to the hospital. I woke up, and I couldn’t stand up. I didn’t have the energy. I tried to walk but I struggled. I gave up and called for my mom and dad.but they were still sleeping. I threw myself on the floor and began crawling to their room. I couldn’t move. They finally woke up. They had to change me, since I was so weak I couldn’t do it myself, and they picked me up and took me to the hospital. They gave me juice and j
    toast and sent me home later that day. After that was a blur, and I still had the fear, but it got better. I sometimes still stayed up at night, afraid to sleep, but I was able to eat and control myself. To this day I still get a little scared of the thought of throwing up and I make sure to have as much as I could handle, and to know when to stop eating before I get a stomach ache ( I had and still have a sensitive stomach which is prone to stomach aches and nausea, which made it ten times worse) I am happy to say I am 13 and it no longer controls my life like it used to! Thankyou for helping me realize what I had 🙂

  9. When you find out what caused your parents to complain about for years and years by the time you basically already outgrew it…. well then XD This was SO me when I was younger and at times it still bothers me!

  10. i'm 21 years old from germany (struggling with arfid since i've been 6 months old) and i've been searching for help from doctors all my life. But NOONE knows about this. I never get the right help. I even tried to get to a clinic and get supported meals but they never let me because i'm not anorexic whatsoever ….
    Anyway thanks for this great explanation video!! Much appreciated!!
    (I'm translating the subtitles into german right now~)

  11. So it might be a symptom of ARFID most of the days, I eat my lunch way too late or not at all because, though I am hungry, I don't have that much desire to eat because it takes time and food just doesn't really appeal to me at that moment?

  12. Do I need to seek treatment for this if I have found alternatives to get my daily nutrients?
    I eat cooked broccoli in place of citrus for C and fiber. My habits have improved since I realized my main aversion is to raw textures, not necessarily all fruit and veg. I haven't had a formal diagnosis either, but my relatives and classmates regularly accused me of having anorexia.

  13. Kati,

    Is it possible to have ARFID yet be overweight. All the symptoms I've read sound very much like me except the weight. I love a lot of carbs still and chicken… have a weakness on some sweets that often contain chocolate. But if its healthy food I can't do it! It's like a horrible panic attack if someone tries to pressure me to eat it, and if I do take a bite I feel like I'm going to get sick! It's horrible. I WANT to eat healthy but I physically and mentally can not. Not to mention anxiety of going some place new or "fancy" where you can't get chicken tenders, pizza, or simple pasta dish like fettuccine. Nothing I "like" there I'll claim I'm just not hungry or stomach hurts. I don't wish this on anyone! Not to mention it's embarrassing. And because of this issue I struggle to loose the weight I need. It's like I have to eat the same thing and lots of carbs or I'll starve. I want it to end… if it's AFRID I dont know what it is?! And I dont know the best way to get help in my city since AFRID apparently isn't as common ?

    Thanks,
    Anglea

  14. just discovered today that I have ARFID, I never knew exactly what it was until I looked at the DSM and it was there. To me the most difficult thing about it is the social hurdle it becomes. I´m 19 years old and I don´t go to friends houses, I´m afraid of having girlfriends because that would mean dates, and that would mean restaurants, and maybe even going to her parents house where I wouldn´t be able to eat anything and it would be very uncomfortable. It really sucks and I don´t know what to do

  15. I don't know if I have arfid I have all the symptoms but I feel like nobody will believe me or they will just say I am a hypochondriac

  16. Don't feel like I Have anything like this, but I can only certain foods because of a fear of getting ill from it which I think has been little bad For My health (also have asd).

  17. I… Was not aware that there was a name for this. After hearing someone elses experience and realising all the overlaps between thair and my own experience, I am convinced this was what I struggled with as a kid, and to some extend still do today. I have issues with fatty smooth textures, strong smells (like cheese) and some sharp/bitter or chemical tastes that I guess others just didn't seem to pick up. To quite a radio-host whose name I fogot "Mayonnaise is the enemy, cause people put it on everything."

    Now, that being said, it has been more of an annoyance than a health troubling issue in my life, especially after growing up and mostly being in control over my food, as well as the luck that I absolutely adore fruits, greens and veggies, and thus never really was in risk of malnourishment other than perhaps not eating enough cause food just wasn't thst interesting.

    It makes sense that sensory related food avoidance often is linked with ASD, so it makes for double the fun for me that I after feeling wrong in many years finally as an adult got diagnosed as an aspie and now realise/finds legitimacy in my food struggles as well. Honestly feels so reasuring and freeing and confirming and right to finally know.

    Unlike my aspieness which we suspected for some years before I in the end NEEDED to have some form of professional outer confirmation to end the confusion, I feel like this makes sense enough on it's own 🙂 It would be interesting to learn of some of the treatment tools could be useful for me though, when it comes to healthy foods I would like to learn to eat just to minimize the sometimes inconvinience though.

  18. i think this is what i struggled with when i was a kid, i completely stopped eating because i choked really bad and was traumatized by it

  19. This was a really informative video! I do have a question though. You mentioned that ARFID can be connected to anxiety disorders. But could a person with ARFID also have existing gastrointestinal issues that make them not want to eat too?

  20. I'm so happy this finally has a name. I have been a terribly picky eater as a kid, as a teen i wouldn't eat in public and now i still try to avoid it.. I can't let my food touch my lips so i 'scrape' it off the fork with my teeth. I can go without eating anything for hours and not really notice i'm hungry. I have a big problem with thinking food is spoiled or not fresh enough and getting sick. But all my life people just thought i had anorexia, and i had to convince them i wasn't trying to be skinny.. I WANT to gain more weight but i just can't keep it up and i always end up losing the weight in no time :/ On top of that i was born with a collagen deficiency disorder and EDS. So when i try to cook i get exhausted because i can't stand for very long. I was in the hospital last christmas because i was convinced there was a reason for the pain in my stomach when i eat but the only thing they came up with was stress. I just feel like i can't fix this.. I need to exercise more to strengthen my muscles but i'll just lose more weight by doing that. Can't win.

  21. I have suffered from ARFID all my life – I still call it a Selective Eating Disorder. I had hypnotherapy at 20 years old which has made it easier to try new foods and in the past 4 years my diet has expanded, but everything is still unhealthy. My current issue is my weight, I am overweight as all the food I eat is very unhealthy but as you said, my eating disorder has nothing to do with weight, this has only been in the last year that my metabolism has really slowed. I also have to take supplements as I suffered with Chronic Anaemia when I was 18. I get B12 injections every 3 months. I also suffer from Anxiety with food and with social situations. Right now I am actually in my last year of training as a counsellor! I don't worry about food as much anymore and sometimes have that sudden thought of "oh yeah, I am weird with food" but it doesn't affect me as much as it did as a child and a teenager. I have a lot of supportive people around me which really helps.

  22. I have this ED and this is the first video I've ever seen talking about it. Thank you so much for bringing more awareness to this! 🙂

  23. me and my sister were randomly talking about how i only eat few specific foods, and she mention that i might have ARFID. So I looked it up found this video, and I'm noticing it's me. Ofc imma talk about it with my parents, talk about seeing a doctor to see if i happen to have this. One thing i don't get is that i'm actually the average weight for my height and age, that just really confuses me.
    The thing that i think stimulates this (if i have it that i mean) is that I have a very serious fear of vomit. I freak out about everything to do with vomit, and trying new foods can trigger my gag reflex which will make me feel like I'll vomit. That would probably be my stimulate if I have it. I want to try new foods, and I want to get a healthier diet. It just feels so hard, because i might be risking the chance of my fear happening.

  24. Thank you so much for talking about this and teaching others that this is even a diagnosis. I was diagnosed with anorexia (even though my family and I knew I was not). It was very damaging to not be believed. I just recently found a new eating disorder psychologist and was properly diagnosed with ARFID, and I have finally been able to gain weight in a mentally healthy way. Anyway, thank you for making me feel real and valid and for allowing me to read other peoples experience with ARFID, too.

  25. Hi Kati,
    I just found you channel thanks to Shane's series, and bumped into this video… and I just wanted to say THANK YOU. I made me really happy seeing someone talk about this – I've struggled with ARFID my whole life and always found it a difficult matter to discuss, as often others haven't heard of it or just think it's a way to justify 'picky eating'. I myself didn't know it had a name and happened to other people until I was 23… So thanks for bringing it up and helping people understand it! x

  26. It'so hard to live with this. I never knew what was wrong with until I found out about this disorder. I get sad every day because I really want to gain weight but its just to hard for me. People always ask me why am I so skinny, like I wanna be this way. I know Im skinny and I dont want to be. I dont really enjoy food most of the time. I hope one day more people will talk about this problem and understand.

  27. My older sister (And also myself) used to struggle from arfid, but she took hypnotism lessons and now she's a personal trainer and loves trying new foods! It really helps to know/be connected with others who have overcome arfid, so it can give you hope that someday you'll be able to do all the things they do! Awesome video :3

  28. I'm a guy who's recently recovered from ARFID.

    I developed it due to a traumatic time in my life where I stayed at The Hospital for Sick Children for a year.
    I also suffer from a really bad case of anxiety that played a part with my eating disorder.

    Thank you so much Kati for even talking about this, I hope that others can see this.

  29. I’ve had ARFID since day one. I’m 48. My mother told me that as soon I was off breast milk I would only eat a plain hamburger patty or diced ham – nothing else. Everything else I’d eat came slooooowly. Texture is the biggest problem for me. I can’t combine foods I like if they have a texture that gets me. Do you have a sensitivity to fabrics? I have to take tags out of every article of clothing because it is so itchy and distracting. Cashmere itches (yes Stacy London it does – no matter what you and your precious show think), forget about any wool next to the skin – even lamb.

    Mix taste and texture for me and my throat closes up. Cruciferous vegetables make me gag just from the smell. With the exception of VERY fresh cabbage in cole slaw I cannot eat any of them.

  30. I'm not sure if I have arfid but I do have emetophobia which makes me afraid to eat certain foods. If anyone doesnt know what emetophobia is it is the fear of vomit/vomiting. I used to barely eat anything but foods that I deemed safe. There were times where the only thing I ate for a day was toast because I thought that if I ate anything else I would get sick. I also constantly have to check dates on foods. If it is out of date by even a day I have to throw it out. Ive gotten somewhat better but I still cant make myself eat some things. I'm currently taking iron and vitamin D supplements. I was also having to see gastrointestinal doctors. So does this sound like arfid? Or is it solely emetophobia

  31. My eating disorder is all about fear of being sick. I was diagnosed with anorexia because of the restriction and weight loss, but I don't worry about being overweight. It has never been about body-image. I also have IBS-D on top if it, as well as an anxiety disorder, which of course both frequently trigger my ED. It's a mess. I'm happy to see awareness about this, though!

  32. Thank you so much Kati!! I love your videos they are so helpful and informative! I have known I have a problem with eating for a while but because I dont have any body image issues at all I always dismissed it as being a real eating disorder that i could seek treatment for, but I just found out the name of this disorder a few days ago and Im so glad you have a video about it! finally a youtube channel I can actually feel good about binge watching

  33. I think ARFID is something I struggle with🤔 I absolutely refuse to eat foods due to a mushy texture such as mashed potatoes, bananas, cooked vegetables… etc. I also am very sensitive to smell and if I don’t like how a food smells, I won’t go anywhere near it because I think I’ll get sick. This has put a lot of strain on my family because i am so picky. ARDID is something I will definitely do more research on!

  34. The last few days were eye-opening for me. I always suspected that I have some kind of ED but I never heard of ARFID until I've spent some time on the Tabitha Farrar's blog. I was very picky as child (I'm much less picky now), I don't remember finishing a single meal at the kindergarten (also I still think that the standard canteen food in my country is revolting), I could never eat a proper breakfast before school without vomiting, my lunch at the primary school was brought from home and always very small (like a small meat sandwich and some orange juice – when all the other kids were having soup, cutlets, potatoes, bread, etc – all at the same time). I never had much appetite or interest in food, even in the things I sort of liked. I've never reached the normal BMI in my life. When I was finally diagnosed with Hashimoto's and MADD (mixed anxiety-depressive disorder) I thought that it perfectly explains my problems around food, especially the anxiety part. But then I've noticed that even when I'm mentally at my best, I'm still getting those vomiting calls when I feel just a bit too full, don't like the texture, find a piece of bone in meat or fish (actually, I still can't eat fish except for salmon, though I often try), or just see on a plate something I don't like (those small brown bits on chicken can really spoil everything, and I know it may sound silly and childish, but it's true). Now I am really trying to put the weight on. What helps me are the appetite stimulants (perscribed by my doctors) and eating out every day with as little restriction as possible. It turns out I like food – but I like only the tasty food and I have to pay extra attention to go and grab it and not to ignore the hunger cues. Like, I have to make eating my 24/7 obsession, otherwise I would just forget to eat. And I still have to gain 9 kilos more to reach my goal!

  35. (edit: didn't realize how long this was until I posted it. Whoops lol) As an extremely picky eater I find this really interesting. I'm not over weight or underweight but I can say that my food palette is very limited. The foods I eat on a daily basis are Stoufers microwave Mac and cheese (it's literally the only Mac and cheese that I like), Jack's cheese thin crust pizza (other store bought brands of pizza make me physically sick, but I will eat pizza from places like pizza hut occasionally), potato smiles (Currently this is the closest I can get to eating a French fry from the store because other frozen brands make me sick), and mozarella sticks (not picky about this because who doesn't love mozarella sticks). Now I do eat other foods but it's rare that I eat anything else. Other foods that I occasionally eat are Spaghetti (I used to love eating this all the time but lately I haven't eaten it as much because it tends to make me nauseaus), Chicken strips (only if it comes from Walmart deli, KFC, or a few other fast food places. I'm really picky about meat because I get grossed out really easily. It has to do with the texture and look of it.), mini corn dogs (I don't eat this on a daily basis, but I consider it a common food for me to eat). I struggle to eat things like cereal and chips because of a fear of choking or it getting caught in my throat, mainly because of past experiences of this actually happening. I do occasionally try to eat it, but it's rare because of how anxious I get while eating. But anyways you get the gist lol. Now I don't think I have Arfid just because I don't meet the criteria and I think my picky eating is mainly due to the fact that I grew up eating frozen foods and no home cooked meals. We don't have a ton of money and grocery shopping isn't our forte. It has been hard though being a picky eater because my family and my friends don't really understand why I'm so picky. My friends parents refuse to feed me when I come over because I'm too difficult (which I don't blame them). And my mom doesn't understand that I'd rather not eat than eat a brand of pizza that makes me nauseas. I can't imagine what it's like for people who have Arfid and have it way worse though.

  36. I loved this video, but I’d like to add that there’s also a more “sensory based” ARFID. This video seemed to mostly talk about “fear based” ARFID, but for me, it’s less of an irrational fear type thing and more that I just can’t handle the tastes and textures of the food.

  37. Hi!
    I've always been picky, it's just something that I can't control.
    I eat very little foods, and don't try many (I usually only do when my parents want me to).
    But when I do eat foods that I don't like, it results in me gagging and throwing up.
    Once I threw up just by eating a tiny bite of meatloaf.
    I've always lacked in protein, one of the worst things to not eat.
    Even though I know I know you have to have some sort of protein, I just don't get that much because of my strong hatreds for a lot of meats.
    For a few years now, if I stand up sometimes black spots cover up my eye for a second and I start to feel weak, but then everything goes back to normal.
    It's also prevented me from enjoying events where you eat, and made me kind of sad that I can't eat like a normal person should.
    However, I do not get depression or anxiety from this.
    I never felt that something would harm me while eating either.
    I just come to the conclusion that I wouldn't like it so I don't try.
    I know that there has to be something wrong with me by now, and this isn't just normal pickiness.
    I honestly don't know if I have this.
    I feel like I have many of the symptoms but lack a few.

    What do you think?

  38. Struggling so hard with this! I have been since I was a child and am just now finding out it is responsible for so many of the other issues I have. It’s hard not to feel saddened by the amount of time lost and how much more I am effected now then if I’d have had help at a much younger age. I need to find someone who can help. I am fearful that not enough ppl know about this or will take it seriously when it is very serious. I was told I had ADHD and couldn’t focus, I’ve struggled to meet the average weight all my life. I’ve always been picky and fearful of certain foods whether because of experiences or texture. My periods were and mostly are not regular. I’ve struggled with low potassium to a critical level and low heart rate. I have struggled with a severe anxiety disorder and have to be on medicine for that. A lot of the time I don’t eat certain foods because of how I believe it will make me feel emotionally. I am like this when it comes to a lot of things like what I wear or who I’m around or what I’m doing. I only came across it by accident because I was looking up symptoms of control issues. I have them as a consequence of having trauma growing up. And found that when I’m stressed or anxious or depressed I don’t eat. 🤦🏼‍♀️ last year I lost 25 pounds in 4 1/2 months and no one knew why. I was not exceptionally stressed out or sick necessarily but now everything makes sense. The doctors thought everything from a parasite to cancer to IBS to endometriosis because of my pain. I even had surgery to see if that was the problem. But I have none of those issues. This seems to be the main factor and reason for every issue that I’ve had for a very long time.

  39. This literally made me cry that you made this. I have ARFID and NO ONE talks abt it! U dont even know how much this meanssss

  40. Ok so I struggle with this but I’m not under weight and I eat a lot I just only eat a couple things. Ex. Chicken and pasta
    That are pretty much the two things I eat and chips and snacks but nothing out of the realm of stuff like that it’s so hard because I have the fear of becoming extremely sick one day . But it’s nice to come to the comment section to find people who struggle with this because sometimes it feels extremely lonely.

  41. I could meet the criteria for ARFID – if I didn't care for myself and actively work to eat well and expand my palette. This is a difficult thing to manage with; most people invalidate it with simply being picky.
    But I can be worked with. Find people you trust and the right doctor to guide you through!
    This was a great video 🙂

  42. I was diagnosed with this as a child. I went through 2 years eating nothing buy mayo sandwiches, grapes and Kool-Aid. I lost a crazy amount of weight and often had to be fed extra things in my drinks. I saw a nutritional expert eventually and went through therapy. I had to be trained to try new foods before I could have a safe food. In time it worked and I was able to expand my menu. As an adult I still stick to safe foods and sometimes something simple can make that food no longer safe… But I have enough to hit most of my requirements with vitamins granted I eat during the day. I will still try things once but often find myself gagging on foods based on texture or smell alone.

  43. Thank you thank you thank you . I’ve been struggling with this and I never knew what it was until now. Thank you 🙏🏼

  44. I’m pretty sure I have this, but I’m not sure. I’ve always been super picky as a kid, but I’m 15 years old in high school now, and I eat like a 1st grader… and as mentioned, I didn’t want to lose weight or anything, I just didn’t like new foods. Could this be suspected as ARFID? I also want to eat better to gain weight because I am underweight and anemic, but I just can’t bring myself to do it. I honestly think it might be Arfid, because I just can’t eat right.

  45. I Wouldn’t eat at all not even soup because I was afraid I would choke SOUP!!! Does this mean I had afrid

  46. Really happy to see this gaining more attention. Even after diagnosis people are inclined to think I'm being childish and that I can just suck it up and eat food I dislike. They refuse to understand that if I so much as taste the foods I dislike, I will begin dry heaving or vomit. Despite having a very obvious abnormal issue, I was unable to seek treatment for it until I was 18 and could make my own medical choices. This has caused so many problems in my life socially and physically with my health. I'm glad that I can go to occupational therapy (specifically exposures similar to those used for people with sensory processing disorder) and slowly increase my variety, but who knows how long it'll be before I stop having crippling anxiety related to eating around other people or going to any event where food is present? I'm glad I can receive treatment, but I'm frustrated with how long it takes for something like this.

  47. I don’t know if I have this or not but I love the food I love but I hate the food I hate, i.e I don’t eat vegetables, fruits, or meats (i drink soup that contain them though so idk)

  48. This is what my six year old has. Before Christmas she dropped to 19lb. Currently she's eating tiny amounts. Half a bag of chips, one flavor/brand, one brand of chocolate. Only 4 squares of it. Only water and one sausage. My friends two years eats triple the amount. She has ASD as well. Her skin is scaly from malnutrition,her sight is getting worse. She is exhausted and weak all the time. This is a bad time. In her better times she will eat one brand of chicken nuggets and one brand of pepperoni pizza, also toast with chocolate spread. That's it. I try to get her to ear and she projectile vomits. It is truly like she is afraid to eat.

  49. im in tears right now, I am diagnosed with food phobia instead of arfid only because my psychiatrist doesntt know what it is,,,, barely any one knows what it js and its so so hard

  50. My little brother has this. The only things he can eat are really fatty and white/yellow foods ex crisps, chips/fries, bearnaise, pizza with only dough and cheese, any type of spice is a big NO NO. I suspect him having some type of autism disorder too.
    I try to show as much empathy as possible but I do get really annoyed when he openly comments other peoples foods, saying thet it stinks and thet what they're eating looks like poop etc.

  51. The first bit didn’t really make sense to me about not getting enough calories, because there are many like me who’s safe foods have lots of calories. Also you can eat a lot of safe foods, so I feel like a lot of the time not getting enough isn’t true.

  52. Can you still binge eat and or eat quickly to avoid eating around people or having somebody see us eating due to the anxiety? And if you have adhd can the obsessive compulsive portion contribute to avoiding food and restricting to very specific food? Or even binge eating before going out to avoid being hungry at social functions? Is only eating one meal a day due to feeling guilty about eating be caused by this disorder? I have anxiety and adhd and I am also extremely uncomfortable drinking drinking water in front of people because I’m afraid of them looking at my neck or my mouth when I am in that exposed position and I can not see if somebody is looking at me It makes me so nervous I won’t drink any water for hours and hours at work

  53. Anybody else just have an "oh shit this is literally me" moment while watching this 😬😬😬

  54. You mentioned losing weight with ARFID, but just as many people with ARFID gain a lot of weight. I'm someone with ARFID who's prone to gaining weight because my safe foods are very high-fat/carb, so I have to watch my calories or I could easily gain a lot of weight. This is hard for people with ARFID because changing your diet for losing weight is almost completely out of the question.

  55. im diagnosed with arfid and i almost exclusively eat processed food and candy because i cant tolerate anything else, and i’m overweight. i think that the notion that all eating disorders are characterized by severe weight loss is extremely damaging to a lot of people. i didn’t know what was wrong with my eating until this year because every single clinician i’ve ever seen has always said i “just don’t fit the criteria” cough cough, fat. i know this concept is relatively new in diagnosing EDs but i personally think it’s very important

  56. I experience a lot of the symptoms that you described however, I also get body dysmorphia (being underweight). I really struggle to gain weight and I think ARFID may be a part of this but do I still have it even if I get body dysmorphia or is it something else?

  57. It has been so frustrating because everyone thinks that eating disorder = body image issues. This is not the case for me. It’s about the food itself and about how easily my stomach gets upset and a low grade chronic lack of apatite

  58. I think I do have arfids. I don't enjoy eating, mostly as it feels like a tiring experience. It also made me feel awkward to family friends because they would ask my parents if I hadn't been fed well. My parents aren't bad people but they say that I'm starting to spoil my younger brothers but I can't help it. I don't eat anything like fish or eggs or anything I'm not familiar with. I'm gonna see if I get some therapy on this. Wish me luck 😉

    Btw thanks for explaining this video, I first came across it in scishow physc about eating disorders and I wanted to learn more about it, this video explains alot.

  59. Cerebral Palsy make you also more likely to have ARFID because of the brain damage that can cause sensory isues

  60. after my dad passed and mom got alcoholic i developed Arfid, this was super helpful THANK YOU 💛💛💛

  61. My mother and I both have this and I was so happy when it showed up in DSM 5. I’m almost 30 and it’s so irritating.

  62. So I know I definitely have this but the thing is I didn’t have it or I did have it as a child but I still eat certain things my mom would fix that were healthy. So as an adult people can suffer from this as well right? It seems like it’s mostly a child’s disease and I feel juvenile saying this but I live off of bread because everything else disgusting to me

  63. For everyone suffers with this something that is really good is the Nutra bullet… completely pulverizes vegetables and fruit so it’s like a slushy. My sister said that that might be too much roughage though at once for someone with Irritable bowel syndrome. I don’t know if I have that but I think I do. But it could just be my diet. I’m also on medication so there’s a lot of factors but I definitely have ARFID…When I ask my psychiatrist about it she doesn’t even really know anything about it… I think I need a new doctor?

  64. I have no insurance… So is it possible for me to really get any help that I can actually afford ? I definitely have selective eating disorder…I already go to a nurse practitioner psychiatrist because I have anxiety, OCD, and Tourette’s… But a minor case( Tourette’s)… And I also have this selective eating disorder. My psychiatrist doesn’t seem to know hardly anything about Tourette’s. When I told her I think I have this ARFID it’s like she just brushes it off.can psychiatry help with this? Because I do see one but I’m not getting any help or getting anywhere with her

  65. My cat has ARFID. He used to throw up everything he ate. We tried dozens of high quality and prescription cat foods before he found one he could eat. He only eats that one kind of cat food now. He is healthy and is on the high end of normal weight. He only throws up now if he eats some random stuff off the floor. Should we try to get him to be 'healthy' by only offering him things that make him throw up, in hopes he might someday (before he dies of dehydration or starvation) just stop throwing up stuff?

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