Congestive heart failure: Part 1
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Congestive heart failure: Part 1

Treatment of congestive heart failure(CHF) has two main directions. One direction is aimed to improve hemodynamic status, therefore, to alleviate symptoms of CHF. The other direction is the neurohormonal modulation to improve the prognosis. In the hemodynamic aspect, heart as a pump, two abnormalities occur in CHF, that is, congestion and low cardiac output(CO) Targets […]

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