Most Common Eating Disorders | Eating Disorders
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Most Common Eating Disorders | Eating Disorders

August 19, 2019


As far as the most common eating disorders;
I guess I’ll first mention that really there are three official eating disorder diagnoses
that are sort of officially recognized within the mental health community. So that means
there are three eating disorder diagnoses that are listed in the diagnostic manual of
psychiatry and mental health called the DSM-IV. And those three eating disorder diagnoses
are Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa, and there’s a third diagnosis called eating disorder
not otherwise specified. Professionals sometimes call it ED-NOS, it’s the acronym for short.
And so I’ll sort of speak about these three categories primarily. Anorexia nervosa and Bulimia nervosa, we know
tend to effect women in much higher proportions than men. It’s probably something like a nine
to one ratio women to men effected by these problems. And in Anorexia nervosa we know
that life time prevalence of this type of problem in women is about 1 percent of the
population. Bulimia nervosa, the rates are slightly higher, but still 2 percent of life
time prevalence in women. Then we have this third category, eating disorder not otherwise
specified. Which is a very sort of heterogenous category I guess you would say. It has lots
of different types of eating problems in it. And it might not be surprising to hear that
that’s the largest category. More people in the eating disorder not otherwise specified
category than in anorexia or Bulimia nervosa. And probably both of those combined. So eating
disorders not otherwise specified encompasses lots of other types of eating problems. One that is very prevalent is binge eating
disorder. So that probably encompasses people that present to obesity and weight loss clinics.
Maybe up to 30 percent of those people presenting to those clinics may have some type of binge
eating disorder problem. So binge eating disorder is a repetitive pattern of repeated engagement
in episodes of binge eating and a binge we sort of officially define as engaging within
a fixed period of time, maybe a two hour period, engaging in eating a large quantity of food.
Much larger than what most people would consider appropriate for a normal meal, with an associated
sense of loss of control with that eating event. So many of us have sat down and eaten
a good bit more than we thought was appropriate for a normal meal, maybe at Thanksgiving dinner
by the way, you know, for example. But when there’s that sort of sense of loss of control
around it and when it’s happening on a repetitive basis. That is sort of the essence of binge
eating disorder. And there are other problems that are encompassed
within that eating disorder not otherwise specified category right now. Problems like
night eating syndrome. Problems like purging disorder where there’s purging behavior like
vomiting in the absence of binge eating behavior. And other types of problems that kind of look
Anorexia nervosa and Bulimia nervosa but maybe aren’t quite as severe or a little bit different
in the way they present and don’t meet those sort of strict criteria for those two groups.
Whatever the eating problem, the most important thing is to try to acknowledge that a problem
is going on and to reach out to a treatment center or a mental health professional in
order to get help from the problem.

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  1. Certain foods fill you up less. All of those things are just sugar and/or carbs. So they aren't really going to make you full because they don't really have much fiber, which is what fills you up best.

  2. They didn’t talk about the subtypes, which honestly disappoints me. I’m not sure if diabulimina is a bulimia subtype, but they didn’t mention that either.

  3. What disorder is it if I was born to an Anorexic mother and no matter what I eat and how much I never gain weight?

  4. I am 15 and I always used to be thin. Then I put on 10 kgs. 4 months ago I started dieting and I reached from 128lbs, 121 lbs eating 1200 calories a day. Now I feel that once a week I have a bulimic burst cauze I eat alla the fridge. I still keep dieing though. Do I have an eating disorder?

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