Early Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes l Warning Of High blood sugar l How to Lower Blood Sugar
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Early Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes l Warning Of High blood sugar l How to Lower Blood Sugar

November 4, 2019

What is borderline diabetes? Borderline diabetes, also called prediabetes,
is a condition that develops before a person gets type 2 diabetes. It’s also known as impaired fasting glucose
or glucose intolerance. It basically means your blood sugar levels
are higher than normal, but they’re not quite high enough to be considered a sign
of diabetes. During the prediabetes phase, your pancreas
still produces enough insulin in response to ingested carbohydrates. The insulin is less effective at removing
the sugar from the bloodstream, though, so your blood sugar remains high. This condition is called insulin resistance. If you have prediabetes, you should know you’re
not alone. In 2015,
it was estimated that 84.1 million Americans age 18 and older had the condition. That’s 1 in 3 Americans.Having prediabetes
doesn’t mean you’ll definitely develop diabetes. It’s a warning of what could lie ahead,
however. People with prediabetes have a 5 to 15 times
higher risk for type 2 diabetes than someone with normal blood sugar levels. Those chances increase if you don’t make
any healthy changes to your diet or activity habits. Early warning signs
Someone with insulin resistance in its early stages can develop type 2 diabetes if it continues
long enough. Only 10 percentTrusted Source of people with
prediabetes even know they have it because many don’t display any symptoms. “Prediabetes is not pre-problem,” says
Jill Weisenberger, MS, RD, CDE, and author of “Diabetes Weight Loss Week by Week.” Borderline diabetes risk factors
Any of these risk factors can increase your chances of developing prediabetes: being overweight or obese
being inactive having high blood pressure
having high cholesterol having a close family member with type 2 diabetes
giving birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds Determining if you have borderline diabetes
Prediabetes is a silent condition, so getting a regular wellness checkup is important for
early detection. If you think you might have borderline diabetes,
discuss your concerns with your doctor.If your doctor is concerned you may have prediabetes,
they’ll most likely perform a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test or oral glucose tolerance
test (OGTT). HbA1c is an indicator of your blood sugar
patterns over the last two to three months, so it’s often a better overall picture than
a single fasting blood sugar check. An HbA1c level between 5.7 and 6.4 indicates
prediabetes. Potential complications of borderline diabetes
High blood glucose levels, especially if they’re left untreated, can affect other systems in
your body. This can leave you vulnerable to a variety
of health risks and chronic health conditions. For example, uncontrolled diabetes can lead
to: vision loss
nerve damage kidney damage
cardiovascular disease The high insulin levels that come with insulin
resistance can cause additional problems. The power of lifestyle change
A large, multicenter research study called the Diabetes Prevention Program looked into
how lifestyle changes could help prevent diabetes. What they found should give people at risk
of diabetes a lot of hope. With modest weight loss and exercise, study
participants reduced their risk of developing diabetes by 58 percent over three years. The power of healthy food and exercise habits
can’t be overstated. Take charge of your health by focusing on
simple dietary and lifestyle changes. Eat healthier
Focus on whole foods and complex carbohydrates such as beans, grains, and starchy vegetables. Pass on the simple sugars, like those in processed
baked goods. Those can raise blood sugar without providing
wholesome nutrition. For help in planning meals to prevent diabetes,
make an appointment with a dietitian. The American Diabetes Association also offers
great tips on diabetes-friendly cooking. Move more
Aim for 150 minutes of exercise each week. Any activity is better than nothing. Even walking counts. Lose weight
If you’re overweight, losing weight can reduce your risk. A healthier diet and increasing your activity
level should help you achieve this goal. Medications
If you do have prediabetes, your doctor may even prescribe a medication, such as metformin
(Glumetza, Glucophage, Fortamet, Riomet). This can also help increase insulin sensitivity
and keep blood glucose levels in check.

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